Long-term atmospheric inorganic nitrogen deposition in West African savanna

  • Nitrogen critical loads are poorly assessed in Africa.


  • The International Network to study Deposition and Atmospheric chemistry in Africa (INDAAF) project,
    operational since 1995, has provided the first consistent in situ measurements of wet and dry N deposition fluxes in rural Sub-Saharan Africa ecosystems.


  • Eutrophication


  • Lack of available long term measurements in Africa