Challenges facing N-regulation in Germany, The Netherlands and Denmark

  • EU countries are facing requirements linked to both the Water Framework Directive (WFD) and the National Emission Ceiling Directive (NEC). The work has been going on for years but there are still major challenges.


  • Several EU countries are fighting to reduce nitrogen levels in surface- and groundwater as well as ammonia emissions. This poster compares briefly the challenges and the policy approaches adopted in the three countries. Will the expected changes be enough to reach the goals? The path from targets to change in the environment is often longer than anticipated.